What are the most common treatments for toenail fungus?

Your doctor may prescribe an antifungal nail polish called ciclopirox (Penlac). Infected nails and surrounding skin are painted once a day. After seven days, clean the accumulated layers with alcohol and start applying them again. One of several antifungal pills may help.

They work, but they can take many months to do the job. They also have side effects such as nausea, vomiting, and headaches. They can also cause liver damage, so your doctor will keep a close eye on you while you take them. Be sure to tell them about any other medications you're taking, as some antifungal pills may not work well with them.

If the infection is deep and you've had it for a long time, your doctor may want to remove your or all of your nail. Usually, a new nail grows back, but it can take about a year. While it comes back, your doctor will likely give you a cream or other treatment to put on your nail bed to keep fungi away. For more serious or annoying fungal nail infections, antifungal medications may be recommended. Antifungal medications come in tablet form or in a special paint that is applied directly to the nail.

Because antifungal medications can take a long time to work, some people may prefer to use a treatment that softens and removes infected parts of the nail over a few weeks. Laser treatment is a possible option if you have a fungal nail infection that is particularly persistent. The laser emits high doses of light energy, which are used to destroy the fungus. If you want to try laser treatment, you'll have to pay for it privately because it's not available on the NHS.

Keep in mind that the treatment may need to be repeated several times for up to a year, which could be very expensive. To treat fungal nail infections that are inside the body, you can take tablets that inhibit the growth of fungi or kill them. Terbinafine and itraconazole are are normally used for this purpose. In continuous treatment, itraconazole is taken once a day for up to three months.

The dose is then 200 mg per day (two 100 mg tablets). In treatment with breaks, 400 mg of itraconazole are taken daily for one week (two 100 mg tablets in the morning and two in the evening). This is followed by a three-week break. in treatment.

This treatment also lasts three months or less. In other words, treatment with terbinafine eliminated fungal infection in approximately 59 out of 100 people. Itraconazole also proved to be effective. After one year, in other words, treatment with itraconazole eliminated the fungal infection in approximately 36% of every 100 people.

Some studies directly compared itraconazole and terbinafine to each other. They confirm that terbinafine is somewhat more effective than itraconazole. Possible side effects of itraconazole include headaches, dizziness, stomach and intestinal problems, and skin rashes. Itraconazole may also interact with several other drugs.

These include medicines to lower cholesterol and blood sugar, as well as certain sleeping pills. Therefore, it is important to tell your doctor about any medications you are taking. Itraconazole isn't an option for people with heart failure (heart failure). It is also not suitable for pregnant women or while breastfeeding.

Terbinafine can cause gastrointestinal (stomach and intestinal) problems and a temporary loss of taste and smell. It may also interact with certain antidepressants and heart medications. In general, terbinafine has far fewer drug interactions than itraconazole. However, it's still important to tell your doctor if you are taking any other medications.

As a precautionary measure, this medication should not be taken during pregnancy or if you are breastfeeding. However, there is a very small risk of liver damage from taking itraconazole or terbinafine. For this reason, people with liver disease only receive these medications if absolutely necessary. Early research suggests that the treatment may be useful for treating fungal nail infections, but there is currently insufficient evidence to recommend it as a routine treatment. In addition, the fungal infection reappeared in many participants, so it is likely that neither treatment will increase the chances of eliminating the fungus in the long term.

Sometimes, home remedies, such as applying tea tree oil or vinegar, are recommended for the treatment of nail fungus. Treatments for nail fungus vary depending on the type of infection, the stage of the infection, and the severity of the infection. In some cases, fungi also attack the intestines or genital area of the human body and pose a serious health hazard; however, almost all infections caused by fungi can be cured with proper care and treatment. So far, only a few studies have looked at topical treatments for nail fungus with nail polish or nail cream.

While promising, more research is needed to know if this treatment can provide a safe and effective treatment for most people...