Terbinafine and itraconazole are the two most commonly prescribed medications for fungal nail infections. They usually need to be taken once or twice a day for several months to ensure that the infection is completely gone. These drugs are often the first choice. These medications help a new nail grow free of infection, slowly replacing the infected part. Oral and topical antifungals are the two main treatment methods for fungal nail infection.
Oral antifungals are often more effective. It has a complete cure rate of 38%. A recent review details typical terbinafine treatment for nails of the hands and feet. For people with nail infections, treatment with terbinafine lasts 6 weeks.
For toenail infections, treatment lasts 12 weeks. In all cases, the person should take one 250 milligram (mg) tablet daily. Itraconazole is another oral antifungal drug with a complete cure rate of 14%. Tavaborol is a topical antifungal with a complete cure rate of 6.5%.
Scientists are developing topical solutions of tavaborol at 5% with tavaborol as the active ingredient. In recent randomized controlled trials, the treatment consisted of applying a 5% tavaborol solution to the affected nail. The trials lasted 48 weeks. In general, it's not known if some people shouldn't take tavaborol.
Your complete cure rate can be as high as 17.8%. A person should apply a 10% topical solution of efinaconazole daily to the affected nails. Experts have not yet found sufficient evidence that the 10% efinaconazole topical solution not safe for certain people. Ciclopirox is a different topical antifungal and its complete cure rate can reach 8.5%.
Once a day, people can apply a special 8% ciclopirox nail polish to affected nails. The treatment may last 48 weeks. The article does not mention any specific precautions for the topical use of ciclopirox. The drug appears to be safe and there have been no serious side effects.
However, newer antifungals, such as terbinafine and itraconazole, have largely replaced this medication. Oral and topical antifungals are the main treatment option for fungal nail infections. Fungal toenail infection, known as onychomycosis, is a common but difficult condition; treatments for toenail fungus include a wide range of options with varying success rates. Laser treatment for toenail fungus can temporarily improve the nail, but it has a lower cure rate than oral medications.
Itraconazole treatment involves taking one 200 mg capsule daily for 12 weeks in people with nail infections. of the feet.